What Influences People to Buy?
These are basics. I’ve written one article about each of these questions.
Score your current knowledge of what influences people to click, buy or simply cause people to say “yes.”
Use pen and paper to write down your answers, and after you have completed the quiz, check and see how well you understand the applications of influence with the answer guide that follows.
Warm Up Question: Republicans vs. Democrats. 1200 subjects. Some see a video about the statistics and results of environmental pollution. Some see a video with a story about a man who dies because of pollution. At the end of the videos everyone is given an opportunity to buy a $10 product that works at curbing this dangerous pollutant. What happened with the Dem’s and Repub’s who viewed the stories?
Sample Answer: The story message prompted 17% more sales with the Democrats. The story message caused Repub’s to buy 14% less than average.
Warm Up Question 2:
You’ve known for a long time that the most attractive candidate in a political contest has a big advantage. What you didn’t know was this. How are democrats influenced by attractiveness when compared to conservatives and why?
Sample Answer 2: Democrats are much less influenced by beauty and attractiveness. Conservatives in general view beauty as a status symbol. That can be the individual themselves or it can be the person they are with. Democrats? No.
OK simple enough, let’s get to it.
1. An American lingerie company did market research in order to determine the differences in online purchases of lingerie controlling for models’ posture, hair color and numerous other factors.
Which hair color got the most sales?
Which got almost no sales?
2. Great Britain: Adults are solicited for donations on a street where all people walking by the grad student and potential giver proved to get what amount of donations compared to when children were walking by on the street on another day?
A) Adults gave four times as many donations when only adults walked by as opposed to when children were mixed in. About 2 every 5 minutes.
B) Adults gave twice as many donations when both children and adults walked by. About 2 every 10 minutes.
C) Surprisingly the impact of adults not children passing by the donors changed donations from about one every 10 minutes.
D) Adults donated twice as often when only children walked by. About twice every 10 minutes.
3. Given a gift card for a pastry and a cup of coffee at a nearby bakery, 2/3 said they’d use the card when it was noted that the card would be valid for two months. Half said they would use the card when it was noted the card would be valid for the next three weeks. What actually happened in practice?
A) Neither card was used by more than 1% of participants.
B) 5 times as many people used the 3 week gift card.
C) 5 times as many people used the 2 month gift card.
D) Both cards were used by almost all participants in the study.
4. Restaurants serve desserts because they increase profits. It’s very important to:
A) Include the desserts in a prominent location on the menu.
B) Subtly cloak them on the menu.
C) Have a separate menu for desserts.
5. In restaurants, prices given with and without a dollar or pound sign ($47 vs. 47) generate different food choices. Which triggers customers making higher priced food choices, using the dollar/pound sign or not?
A) Using the dollar (or pound) sign causes higher priced items to be selected.
B) Using just the number causes higher priced menu items to be selected.
6. Women are perceived as having as much authority as men across a spectrum of contexts when they
A) Dress conservatively.
B) When they use less make up.
C) When they use confident language.
D) When they look the audience in the eyes instead of scanning the room.
7. Influencing your own life is just as important as others’. In a massive study, pessimists were roughly defined as having a dark outlook on their own future. Optimists were roughly defined as those having a bright outlook on their future. How you think, it is clear from this 40,000 person study, plays a significant role in your future. Which of the following are true?
A) Pessimistic people live longer than optimistic people.
B) Very optimistic people live longer than pessimistic people.
C) Very optimistic people are more likely to have disabilities in 10 years.
D) Pessimistic people are more likely to have disabilities in 10 years.
E) Low expectations for a healthy future suffer significantly more compared to those with positive expectations.
F) Low expectations for a healthy future suffer significantly less when compared with those with positive expectations.
8. Restaurants can place the price of an item first on the menu and then the menu description; or the menu description and then the price. Which causes higher priced entree choices?
To generate higher priced menu selections, prices could be shown in the left hand margin or after the menu item description. Which is more effective?
24 Asian Salad
48 Kobe Steak
Asian Salad 24
Kobe Steak 48
9. A mixed group of men and women walk into a room that has very few women and very many men. When asked whether there were more or less women both men and women said they saw far more women than there actually were. The reason is your eyes are drawn to outliers.
10. The shape of a glass holding 12 oz. of beer determines how long it takes to consume that beer. Restaurants and bars desiring to bring in more revenue are now discovering everything matters in influencing the behavior of customers.
Which of the following (on average) is correct?
A) A straight glass requires 11 minutes to drink, a curved glass requires 7 minutes to drink.
B) A straight glass requires 17 minutes to drink, a curved glass requires 12 minutes to drink.
C) A straight glass requires 12 minutes to drink, a curve glass requires 17 minutes to drink.
D) A straight glass requires 7 minutes to drink. A curved glass requires 11 minutes to drink.
11. The Menu is the profit ballgame at a restaurant.
A) When people open a standard two page menu, the owner should place the highest profit items in which positions below?
Left Page – Right Page
B) How do the majority of customers “read” most menus laid out in the above scenario? Where do they begin? Where do they go next and ultimately finish?
A) A, F, E, J, C
B) A, G, J, E, C
C) F, A, E, J, C
D) B, F, J, A, E
E) G, B, E, I, J
F) G, A, E, F, J
12. Emailing an acknowledgement to a student who is a stranger to the subject, asked by a professor to give feedback on a cover letter and then asking the same stranger (by email) for a second favor to help edit a cover letter leads to 1/3 of those people saying yes. i.e. 1/3 of those who helped the first time, also helped a second time.
When the recipient sends a message saying, “Thanks for giving me feedback I am grateful, would you help me edit my next letter?” what happens?
a) The person says yes they will help edit the second cover letter in about 1/3 of cases.
b) The person says yes they will help edit the second cover letter in about 2/3 of cases.
13. Does expressing thanks and gratitude matter?
Same scenarios as above EXCEPT in this case the stranger is now asked by another student for a favor.
The request by the student for feedback follows only if the student helped someone else yesterday and either a) received an email saying feedback was received or b) received an email saying, “Thank you I am really grateful!”
When group a) participants were asked to give feedback on a cover letter for a different participant the following day, what percentage of subjects agreed to help the student?
When group b) participants were asked to give feedback on a cover letter for a different participant after they had received an email expressing thanks and gratitude from the first student, what percentage of participants agreed to help?
14. How important are bonuses and extras in marketing?
Would-be marketers face an expert pricing panel. Their task is to either bundle a hotel night highlighting the hotel’s 5 star pool, or highlighting both the 5 star pool and a 3 star restaurant.
Which is correct:
a) The panel priced the room highlighting the pool at $92 and the room highlighting the pool and restaurant at $108
b) The panel priced the room highlighting the pool at $108 and the room highlighting the pool and restaurant at $92
15. How many things does your product do? The benefits list…
You are a campaign manager for a politician (or you sell online or in person). You have to come up with the best mix of claims. Which of the following works best and why?
b) honest, cares
c) honest, cares, responsible
d) honest, cares, responsible, hard working
e) honest, cares, responsible, hard working, gets results
Ready for the answers and your score?
Turn the page…